Understanding Healthcare Fraud Investigations

Understanding Healthcare Fraud Investigations

Healthcare fraud investigations are a critical component of maintaining the integrity of the healthcare system. These investigations seek to uncover and address fraudulent activities involving healthcare providers, patients, or other stakeholders. Fraudulent actions in healthcare can encompass a range of activities, including billing for services not rendered, upcoding, kickbacks, and the inappropriate use of medical services. In the past three years, the Department of Justice has initiated more cases each year than at any point since 1995. Those efforts have produced civil fraud recoveries in the billions of dollars. (Bass, Berry, and Sims, 2023)

Your Role as a Doctor of Chiropractic

As a chiropractic physician, you play a pivotal role in ensuring that healthcare services are provided ethically and in accordance with the law. Staying informed about the regulations and legal obligations governing your profession is essential. Here are some key considerations:


  1. Billing Practices: Ensure that your billing practices are accurate and reflect the services provided. Overbilling or submitting false claims can lead to legal scrutiny.
  2. Documentation: Maintain comprehensive and accurate patient records. Thorough documentation is vital for patient care and serves as a defense in the event of investigations.
  3. Compliance Programs: Establish a compliance program for your practice. Compliance programs include guidelines and protocols to help prevent, detect, and address fraudulent activities. It takes a lot of time and effort to establish and maintain a compliance program. Consider outsourcing to a third-party such as ChiroArmor. [Editor’s Note: ICS Members can track full practice compliance (for free) using Statusfi at my.statusfidashboard.com.]

Patient Care First

While staying compliant with regulations is essential, remember that your primary focus should always be providing the best possible patient care. Ethical medical practice and patient well-being should guide your decisions and actions.

What to Do if Investigated

If you become the subject of a healthcare fraud investigation, it’s essential to act prudently:

  1. Cooperate: Cooperate with investigators and legal authorities. This includes providing requested documents and information, to the extent you may do so while adhering to patient confidentiality rights required by HIPAA and state law, and as advised by your counsel.
  2. Legal Counsel: Seek legal representation. An attorney experienced in healthcare law can guide you through the process and help protect your rights.
  3. Confidentiality: Maintain confidentiality during the investigation. Discuss the matter only with your legal counsel.


Healthcare fraud investigations are a complex aspect of the healthcare industry. Chiropractic physicians can best protect themselves and their patients by adhering to ethical practices and staying informed about healthcare regulations. Cooperation, legal representation, and confidentiality are critical in the event of an investigation.  By ensuring that your chiropractic practice maintains ethical and legal standards, you contribute to the continued integrity of the healthcare system and uphold patients’ trust in their chiropractic providers.

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ICS Staff

The Illinois Chiropractic Society staff works collaboratively on many topics to bring the most comprehensive and relevant information to our members. We have over 60 years of chiropractic experience and understand the heartbeat of the profession. We all look forward to providing relevant information to our members for years to come.

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